Teenage Pregnancy Resources

Sources of data

The Network of Public Health Observatories is now part of Public Health England.

Office for National Statistics – Conception data

Conception Statistics are produced by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) and are a well-established statistical series that are compiled by combining information from birth registrations (processed by ONS) and abortion notifications (sent by Department of Health to ONS).  Conception statistics include pregnancies that result in one or more live or still births, or a legal abortion under the Abortion Act 1967.  Miscarriages and illegal abortions are not included.

Public Health England has added additional information to the ONS data sheet for under 18 conceptions, showing the percentage change from the 1998 baseline. This spreadsheet is available to download below. Charts showing the percentage change from the 1998 baseline have also been produced. These show all top tier local authorities and are broken down by Public Health England Centre area.

ONS also produce under 18 conception statistics on a quarterly basis, at upper tier local authority level.

Public Health England – Forecasts of under 18 conception rates

PHE has produced forecasts of under 18 conception rates up to 2020, for all top tier local authorities in England, and charted them. These forecasts were updated on April 1st 2014.

Public Health England – Maps of conception data at LA and ward level

PHE has produced interactive maps of under 18 conception data. Maps are available at Local Authority level, with a number of ways of viewing the data available, and also at Ward level, where the maps show whether the Ward’s under 18 conception rate is significantly different to the England rate. The maps are available through the Interactive Mapping section of these pages.

Office for National Statistics - An Analysis of Under 18 Conceptions and their Links to Measures of Deprivation, England and Wales, 2008-10

This article explores the most recent annual under 18 conception data using three year aggregates and averages. It highlights patterns in the data and explores possible reasons for these patterns. Under 18 conceptions are considered in context, with comparisons drawn to under 16 conceptions as well as selected population and urban aspects. Under 18 conceptions and their links to measures of deprivation at the national and regional level are made using the new Office for National Statistics (ONS) Conceptions-Deprivation Analysis Toolkit. The measures of deprivation chosen for this article are the English Indices of Multiple Deprivation, the percentage of children living in poverty and the unemployment rate.

Office for National Statistics – Teenage conceptions by small area deprivation in England and Wales, 2001–2002

This article (on pages 34-39 of Health Statistics Quarterly No 33 – Spring 2007) examines the relationship between teenage conceptions and deprivation in England and Wales in 2001–2002 using data at census ward level.  Deprivation has been measured using Carstairs scores rebased using the 2001 Census. For the first time at ward level, analysis has differentiated between births and abortions resulting from teenage conceptions. Findings confirm the strong association between teenage conceptions and deprivation and also that deprivation has a strong influence on the likelihood of conceptions leading to either birth or abortion, although regional variations were observed for this relationship.

Office for National Statistics – Neighbourhood Statistics Under 18 Conception Ward Mapping tool

For the first time, analysis of conceptions data for girls aged under 18 at ward level has been published on the Neighbourhood Statistics website.  The number of conceptions to girls aged under 18 is relatively low at ward level. Therefore a method of presenting these data has been developed which provides useful information by small area whilst protecting confidentiality of individuals.  Rather than showing the actual rates, the data for England and Wales have been divided into five bands (quintiles). Wards with the lowest rates are allocated to quintile 1 and those with the highest rates to quintile 5.  Users can see which quintile a particular ward falls into, and can easily compare different wards visually using the Neighbourhood Statistics mapping functionality.  It is possible to view background raster maps, and locations of services such as schools, GP surgeries and pharmacies on the main map.

Office for National Statistics – Contraception and Sexual Health Report

This annual report presents the results of the module of questions on contraception and sexual health included on the National Statistics Omnibus Survey. The module was sponsored by the Information Centre for health and social care (IC).  The report contains information about contraception use and sexual behaviour amongst young people.

Department of Health – Abortion Statistics

The Department of Health keeps records from the abortion notification forms returned to the Chief Medical Officers of England and Wales in respect of abortions carried out in England and Wales.  Abortion statistics are available annually, and are available for under 18s, by PCT or Strategic Health Authority.

Institute for Fiscal Studies - Teenage Pregnancy in England

The Centre for Analysis of Youth Transitions has produced a report making use of a unique new administrative dataset linking maternity and abortion records to the education records of all girls attending state schools in England to help fill the gap in evidence on the apparent negative consequences of teenage motherhood for mothers and children.

Healthcare Commission – Performing Better?  A Focus on Sexual Health Services in England

The Healthcare Commission has identified sexual health as an important public health issue for assessment. In 2005, it carried out a pilot improvement review for sexual health (including teenage pregnancy). This report is published to draw attention to the extent of sexual ill health in England and the wide variation of levels of this ill health between different communities. 

World Bank Group – World Development Indicators

The World Development Indicators (WDI) publication is the World Bank's premier annual compilation of data about development. The 2007 WDI includes more than 900 indicators in over 80 tables organized in 6 sections. Data are shown for over 200 countries. One indicator included in this set is the adolescent fertility rate, which gives births per 1,000 women aged 15-19.

UNICEF – A League Table of Teenage Births in Rich Nations (2001)

The third Innocenti Report Card, from the UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, presented a comprehensive survey of teenage birth rates in the industrialized world. It also attempts a partial analysis of why some countries have teenage birth rates that are ten or even fifteen times higher than others.  The starting point is a league table of teenage birth rates for 1998, showing the number of births per 1,000 15 to 19 year-olds in the 28 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) nations under review.  It also shows how those rates have changed over the last 30 years.

Department for Education – Local Authority Interactive Tool (LAIT)

Statistical neighbour models provide one method for benchmarking progress. For each local authority (LA), these models designate a number of other LAs deemed to have similar characteristics. These designated LAs are known as statistical neighbours. Any LA may compare its performance (as measured by various indicators) against its statistical neighbours to provide an initial guide as to whether their performance is above or below the level that might be expected.

This tool includes all top-tier local authorities (Counties, Unitary Authorities & London Boroughs) and allows comparisons of the under 18 conception rate for a local authority with the rates for its statistical neighbours. Other children’s indicators are also included for comparisons between the same areas.

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